Form-finding techniques: Konrad Wachsmann

Some architects have based their work in the interest in natural systems, in the relation of experimental models to geometry and in iterative mathematics and the contribution of irregularity to the strength in biological and architectural structures.
His research includes a brad range of studies in nature as a source for architectural an engineering design, and is always dirtied towards applications in construction.
They are particularly interested in the natural processes of self-generation of forms and in the structural behavior of those forms.
In their work, form finding is a design instrument, based on empirical processes that utilise the self-organisation of material systems under the influence of extrinsic forces. The range of possible forms is determined by the choice and definition of the conditions under which the form finding process take place.
One of this architects was Konrad Wachsmann.

Konrad Wachsmann was born in 1901. After an apprenticeship as carpenter he studied at the arts-and-crafts schools of Berlin and Dresden and at the Berlin Academy of Arts. In 1938 he emigrated to Paris and in 1941 to the United States, where he developed several projects and collaborate whith different architects.
The project that best shows form-finding processes is the large span aircraft hangars for the American Air Force, a space grid system that incorporated a relatively complicated universal connector, made from a combination of four standard die forged elements which allowed up to 20 tubular members to be connected at each joint.


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